Kardiоlógus: "Magyarоk! Кérеm, tisztítsák mеg az ereket és a keringési rendszеrt!"
Measuring Blood Pressure Lying Down Image titled Take Orthostatic Blood Pressure Step 1 1 Ask the person to lie down for five minutes. He should be completely flat on a table, bed or couch. Wrap the sphygmomanometer, or blood pressure gauge, armband firmly around the person’s upper right arm and secure it with the Velcro strip. Image titled Take Orthostatic Blood Pressure Step 2 2 Place your stethoscope over the brachial artery. With the blood pressure cuff wrapped around the person's arm, have her palm facing upwards and place the stethoscope on the inside of the elbow. The stethoscope has a large surface area, so placing it on the inside surface of the elbow should ensure that it covers the brachial artery, which travels through that area. You will be listening to sounds in the brachial artery as your way to measure blood pressure. Image titled Take Orthostatic Blood Pressure Step 3 3 Inflate the armband with the pump. Generally you should inflate it to around 200 as your starting number, and gradually deflate it from there. As the cuff deflates, look for the systolic blood pressure reading. Systolic blood pressure is the force of the blood pumping through the arteries, and it is usually between 110 and 140. You will recognize the reading for the systolic blood pressure at the moment you begin to hear the "thump" sounds in your stethoscope. This is the sound of blood flowing through the brachial artery. Keep note of this number in your head as you continue listening while the cuff deflates. Image titled Take Orthostatic Blood Pressure Step 4 4 Record the diastolic reading after the sound clears. This number should be lower, usually between 60 and 90. It is the pressure on the arteries between heartbeats. Write the systolic blood pressure number, a slash, and then the diastolic blood pressure number. Both are measured in millimeters of mercury, or mm Hg. For example, you might write “120/70 mm Hg.” Image titled Take Orthostatic Blood Pressure Step 5 5 Finish by taking the radial pulse reading. This is the pulse you find by placing your index and middle finger over the inside right wrist. When you feel the patient’s pulse, watch your clock or watch for exactly 60 seconds and count the beats. Most people have a pulse between 60 and 100 beats per minute (BPM). If the patient’s pulse is above this, he may not be able to stand and continue the test. Write down the pulse (or heart rate), and then prepare yourself for the next portions of the test where you will ask the person to stand.